Songs of Temperance and Temptation

Carrie Nation

Prohibition Prostesters

Temperance and Temptation at the Fitzgerald Theater

Maria Jette (photo: Ann Marsden)

Dan Chouinard (photo: Tobechi Tobechukwu)

Tour Sponsor

Tour Sponsor

100 Years of Restraint and Revelry in Minnesota

November 2011

with special guests, Maria Jette (narrator), Dan Chouinard (piano and accordion)

Prohibition leaps onto the musical stage in this delightful look at the history and humor behind Minnesota’s long-standing love/hate relationship with the saloon. Semi-staged and fully costumed, this research-rich yet light-hearted performance features the songs and stories of Carrie Nation and 19th-century Temperance Union meetings, balanced by a full cup of good ol’ anti-Prohibition songs. Projections of historical photos and narration from F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby complement the show, as our performers skip and prance to Victorian waltzes, croon 1920s jazz, launch into Irish reels, ragtime, and gospel, and belt out some of Irving Berlin’s best show-stoppers! Whether your preference is lager or lemonade, you’ll learn about important events that shaped our region’s history. With entertainment that could make even the Purity Squad merry, this home-grown program features old-time songs like Sweet By and By and Brighten the Corner, with plenty of sing-a-longs!

Cannot Load Audio

Tue Nov. 1, 2011
Kiehle Auditorium, UMC
2900 University Avenue
Crookston, MN 
Bring a Friend

Buy Tickets

Wed Nov. 2, 2011
Northland Community & Technical College
1101 Highway One East
Thief River Falls, MN 
Bring a Friend

Buy Tickets

Thu Nov. 3, 2011
Thompson Recital Hall, BSU
1500 Birchmont Drive NE
Bemidji, MN 
Bring a Friend

Buy Tickets

Fri Nov. 4, 2011
Central Lakes College Theater
501 West College Drive
Brainerd, MN 
Bring a Friend

Buy Tickets

Thu Nov. 17, 2011
The Historic Paramount Theatre
125 4th Avenue NE
Austin, MN 
Bring a Friend

Buy Tickets

Sat Nov. 19, 2011
A Center for the Arts
124 West Lincoln Avenue
Fergus Falls, MN 
Bring a Friend

Buy Tickets

Sun Nov. 20, 2011
Ridgewater College Theater
2101 15th Avenue NW
Willmar, MN 
Bring a Friend

Buy Tickets

Mon Nov. 21, 2011
Ridgewater College Auditorium
2 Century Avenue SE
Hutchinson, MN 
Bring a Friend

Buy Tickets


History of booze in Minnesota, in song

by William Randall Beard

No one makes scholarly research more entertaining than the Rose Ensemble. Whether exploring early music (pre-1750, from Western Europe) or music from 17th-century Mexico or 19th-century Hawaii, they present obscure compositions in fascinating ways.

This weekend's concerts, heard Thursday night at the University of Minnesota Duluth, brought that same intellectual rigor to music from the state of Minnesota. "Songs of Temperance and Temptation" tells of the state's complex relationship to alcohol, from the rise of the temperance movement (1840s) to the end of Prohibition (1933).

Even before the performance began, slides of historical documents set the stage. They continued as a backdrop throughout, giving a real flavor of the period, and honoring both sides of the issue.

Renowned writer Patricia Hampl served as storyteller, more than narrator, and her script was full of wit and insight. There were compelling details, from a temperance sermon by St. Paul Archbishop John Ireland to the Jazz Age writings of F. Scott Fitzgerald. It was particularly intriguing to discover how, during Prohibition, Minnesota moonshine was considered the best in the country.

Also fascinating was Hampl's narration about the temperance-advocating Hutchinson Family Singers, who not so modestly named the town they founded after themselves: Hutchinson, Minn. She described how the town was not only dry, but voted equality for women, making the point that temperance was often connected with women's suffrage and even abolition.

As expected, Rose Ensemble performed with impeccable musicianship and a strong sense of period style, particularly capturing the formality of 19th-century music practice, without losing its energy.

The semi-staged performance used sets representing a temperance hall and a bar, and evocative costumes effectively depicting different aspects of the various eras. The staging, creating simple relationships and conflicts, added a strong degree of theatricality to the event.

The program covered a range of historical styles, from hymns and temperance anthems to parlor songs and barbershop quartets, and later rags, blues and jazz. Even composer Irving Berlin was represented. This diversity kept the long program always entertaining.

It also featured a number of polkas, reels and waltzes, showcasing the fine instrumental ensemble, whose four members played everything from piano and fiddle, guitar and banjo, to double bass, accordion and tuba.

William Randall Beard writes frequently about music.

Rose Ensemble examines Minnesota temperance: We'll drink to that!

by Rob Hubbard

It all started when Jordan Sramek couldn't buy a bottle of wine for a Sunday dinner party. The head of the early-music group the Rose Ensemble wondered why liquor stores are closed Sundays in Minnesota. His research snowballed into what may be the most entertaining evening his group has ever hosted.

"Songs of Temperance and Temptation" is an immensely enjoyable left turn for a group best known for sweetly yet solemnly singing tunes that once rang out in Renaissance-era cathedrals and occasionally stopping by the churches of 19th-century America. The program the Rose Ensemble is presenting at St. Paul's Fitzgerald Theater this weekend is its most Minnesota-centric effort yet, as well as its most theatrical undertaking.

Through dozens of songs and colorful readings, this engaging hybrid of history lesson, concert and stage musical tells the story of how the prohibition of alcohol became the law of the land in 1920, thanks in part to the contributions of Minnesotans. Decked out in impressively authentic costumes, the Rose singers sculpt marvelous harmonies on the anthems of the crusading teetotalers, as well as some mischievous saloon songs. So voluminous is the amount of material presented that all nine singers get a chance to shine in a solo setting, be they bemoaning that "Father's a Drunkard and Mother is Dead" or asking "How Are You Going to Wet Your Whistle?" when booze and beer are banned.

The show follows the chronology of the battle, enhanced by Patricia Hampl's often comical descriptions of key characters like the hatchet-wielding Carrie Nation and a master of creative shaming, Archbishop John Ireland. But much of the second half is given over to the flappers and bootleggers of the 1920s, who built a subculture around speakeasies and illegal parties. As things get jazzed up, that's when the four-piece backing band really impresses with its range.

Having seen members of the Rose Ensemble show off their acting skills in the presentations of other groups, I'd wondered when they were going to get a chance to do so at a Rose concert. That day has arrived with this delightful production.

The Return of "Temperance & Temptation"

by Kurt Gegenhuber

Celestial Monochord readers will be glad to know that the Rose Ensemble's upcoming season will include Songs of Temperance and Temptation.

The show will be back in November for an eight-city tour of Minnesota and, in abbreviated form, for a Mississippi riverboat cruise on October 23.

This is great news.  The three performances of Temperance and Temptation that closed the Ensemble's previous season included the first known performances in over 83 years of a peculiar, foot-stomping composition known as "Moonshiner's Dance Part One."  This piece has been the axis around which my research, writing, and preservation efforts have revolved for more than five years.

Hopefully, the Rose's upcoming November performances will give Minnesota another chance to catch an incredibly rare performance of "Moonshiner's Dance," a neglected and nearly forgotten landmark in the state's musical legacy.

But even for me, the hope of seeing more of "Moonshiner" isn't the best reason to look forward to this season's revival of Songs of Temperance and Temptation.

Research as Amazing

The show is very amusing — packed with fresh songs (that is, new-to-you and very alive), sung by skillful, versatile, and charismatic vocalists. The show is also informative, immersing you in a kind of cultural history of alcohol that's likely to transform your understanding.

But the Ensemble's marketing materials reprint a blurb from a local paper saying, "No one makes scholarly research more entertaining than The Rose Ensemble." I think this subtly misses the main point, the best thing about the Rose and this show.

What I like most is the show's unwavering confidence that its surest bet in amusing the audience is to tell them something they didn't already know.  The Rose just assumes from the start, correctly and to great effect, that surprising information — learning something — is the among the wildest experiences the stage has to offer.

To me, this approach felt courageous and just a shade radical in its sheer respect for the audience — a belief in the audience's intelligence, but even more in its willingness to be game for something new. My frenzied notes taken during the single performance I attended in June have grown cryptic with time, but at one point I simply wrote, "The amazing research."

I'm fairly well versed in the history of pop music during and just before Prohibition. But the Songs of Temperance and Temptation were almost all completely new to me. And the photographs projected behind the performers were mostly new finds. And the collection of sheet music cover art was fantastic.

The show's stories of Minnesota's temperance movement will surprise most Minnesotans — the city of Hutchinson's founding, for example, by a family of protest singers dedicated to women's rights, the abolition of slavery, and men's liberation from alcohol.

The Andrew Volstead story may also surprise a lot of people.

The Congressman from Granite Falls was seen across the United States as the primary villain of the Prohibition era — an incompetent, humorless zealot who drove the nation to (furtively) drink. He's still remembered this way.

But the Rose Ensemble, perhaps following Daniel Okrent's recent book, invites us to see him in a far more nuanced and sympathetic light.

(My own research has been hinting to me that both Okrent and Rose are going a little far in rehabbing Volstead's reputation.  A proper assessment of Volstead isn't really available, so I think the guy is ripe material for a thorough biography.)

"I've Got the Prohibition Blues"

The members of the Rose Ensemble are trained veterans of choral music, and the Rose's seasons always lean toward a wide variety of "early music."

The upcoming season, for example, includes one show on "ancient Mediterranean Jews, Christians, and Muslims" and another on "feasts and saints in early Russia, Ukraine, Poland and Bohemia."

So, of course, there's the question of how well they handle Songs of Temperance and Temptation — and the answer is pretty good news.

The show's first half deals primarily with 19th century conflicts leading up to Prohibition, so a bit of reserve and formal training only improves the verisimilitude.  Rest assured, the show cuts loose early on and shows a lot of humor throughout.  When they approach something like a barbershop quartet style, they're clearly well prepared.

The real challenge comes during Prohibition, when American pop music fell in love with Jazz and the blues, and searched for something like an authentic "street" credibility.  The Rose does very well with it, but it's not surprising that swing and growl aren't its most convincing assets.

But even in the slightly strained way the Rose Ensemble comes to grips with the 1920's, they remain true to the history. One of the great pleasures of listening to, for example, Archeophone's Phonographic Yearbook series is hearing the pop stars of the era grapple with those very same changes in public taste.

The blues and jazz revolution ended a lot of careers, just as Rock & Roll did decades later. Those who survived often did so by learning, with widely varying artistic success, the African American-inflected stomp and swerve in the era's new sounds.

The more you hear what was recorded at the time, the more you appreciate the Rose's mastery of this material today.

Moonshiner's Dance, Part One

And finally, I know some folks will want to know how they did "Moonshiner's Dance."  So here goes.

It came late in a show filled with a lot of unfamiliar music, so to suddenly hear a band, right in front of me, strike up that familiar introductory riff followed by that oompah hopped up on goofballs ... it made the hair on the back of my neck stand up.

The only recording of the piece in existence — the one I've heard perhaps a thousand times — is trapped in the antique shellac of scratchy, store-bought 78s.  It has no other existence.  Hearing the piece played anew by a live band immediately in front of me was mind-bogglingly rare, and I felt it in every note.

Their approach was to hew quite closely to the original recording. The band was a little light on the beat and lacked the dance band insistence I'd expect, but otherwise tried to "play the record" as closely as possible.

In the recording, the third segment of the medley consists of a harmonica vamping some chords, possibly noodling a bit with an indeciperable tune. The blog Old Weird America claims the tune is "Turkey in the Straw," but this is almost certainly wrong. The Rose Ensemble went with this suggestion, enunciating the tune very clearly.

I think it was the right decision. "Turkey in the Straw" is familiar and rousing (as the whole medley would have been to its original audience), and fits the piece nicely.  It also dovetails (turkeytails?) with my thesis about the recording being something like a big-city parody of rural culture.

During the "At The Cross" segment of the medley, the fiddler took up a small American flag and waved it haughtily, which I loved.  For one thing, it provided a light suggestion of the satirical stagecraft that I think was the real point of the "Moonshiner's Dance" recording.

What we're hearing in the recording was the soundtrack to something we're not seeing. The Rose's performance, then, also necessarily missed the chaos of the recording's laughing, indecipherable voices, and generally ... thick atmosphere that gives the recording its particular and mysterious register.

Certainly, I think the Rose's performance worked wonderfully on its own terms, and the piece is plenty sturdy to have a performance life of its own.

But the challenges of performing it anew also highlight what I've come to focus on in my years of research — that the original "Moonshiner" recording has the power it has because it is so bursting with its very narrowly specific moment and place. To understand what this peculiar thing really is, then, we need to reconstruct the time and community from which it arose.

The Rose Ensemble has gleefully run directly into the path of that time and place, seeking a new way to make a new kind of performance sense for this piece that so often seems bent on denying the very possibility of sense itself.

In a way, that reinvention of new senses from old contexts is what The Rose Ensemble does for a living. These are brave people, and I want to see more of them.





Season Sponsors